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“Everyone has the right, individually and in association with others, to promote and to strive for the protection and realization of human rights and fundamental freedoms at the national and international levels.”
Article 1, UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders

They’re guarantees of equal social opportunities and protection under the law, regardless of race, religion, or other characteristics. Examples are the rights to vote, to a fair trial, to government services, and to a public education.

Human rights are the basic rights and freedoms that belong to every person in the world, from birth until death. 

They apply regardless of where you are from, what you believe or how you choose to live your life.

They can never be taken away, although they can sometimes be restricted – for example if a person breaks the law, or in the interests of national security.

These basic rights are based on shared values like dignity, fairness, equality, respect and independence. 

These values are defined and protected by law.

In Britain our human rights are protected by the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993

The Human Rights Act 1993 is aimed at giving all people equal opportunities and preventing unfair treatment on the basis of irrelevant personal characteristics. The Human Rights Act covers discrimination on the grounds of: sex. marital status

The Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 | National Human Rights Commission India.
In terms of Section 2 of the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 (hereafter referred to as ‘the Act’), “human rights” means the rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed under the Constitution or embodied in the International Covenants and enforceable by courts in India.
six fundamental rights
There are six fundamental rights (Article 14 – 32) recognised by the Indian constitution : the right to equality (Articles 14-18), the right to freedom (Articles 19-22), the right against exploitation (Articles 23-24), the right to freedom of religion (Articles 25-28), cultural and educational rights (Articles 29-30)

Seven fundamental rights were originally provided by the Constitution – the right to equality, right to freedom, right against exploitation, right to freedom of religion, cultural and educational rights, right to property and right to constitutional remedies.

Article 1Right to Equality
Article 2Freedom from Discrimination
Article 3Right to Life, Liberty, Personal Security
Article 4Freedom from Slavery
Article 5Freedom from Torture and Degrading Treatment
Article 6Right to Recognition as a Person before the Law
Article 7Right to Equality before the Law
Article 8Right to Remedy by Competent Tribunal
Article 9Freedom from Arbitrary Arrest and Exile
Article 10Right to Fair Public Hearing
Article 11Right to be Considered Innocent until Proven Guilty
Article 12Freedom from Interference with Privacy, Family, Home and Correspondence
Article 13Right to Free Movement in and out of the Country
Article 14Right to Asylum in other Countries from Persecution
Article 15Right to a Nationality and the Freedom to Change It
Article 16Right to Marriage and Family
Article 17Right to Own Property
Article 18Freedom of Belief and Religion
Article 19Freedom of Opinion and Information
Article 20Right of Peaceful Assembly and Association
Article 21Right to Participate in Government and in Free Elections
Article 22Right to Social Security
Article 23Right to Desirable Work and to Join Trade Unions
Article 24Right to Rest and Leisure
Article 25Right to Adequate Living Standard
Article 26Right to Education
Article 27Right to Participate in the Cultural Life of Community
Article 28Right to a Social Order that Articulates this Document
Article 29Community Duties Essential to Free and Full Development
Article 30Freedom from State or Personal Interference in the above Rights

Article 21 of Constitution of India: Protection of Life and Personal Liberty. Article 21 states that “No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to a procedure established by law.” Thus, article 21 secures two rights: Right to life, and. 2) Right to personal liberty.

The 1993 UN World Conference on Human Rights – known as the Vienna Conference – was attended by 841 NGOs from throughout the world, all of which described themselves as working with a human rights mission. Though an impressive figure in itself, this actually represented only a tiny fraction of the total number of human rights NGOs active in the world.

Most self-professed “human rights organisations” tend to be engaged in the protection of civil and political rights. The best known of such organisations, at least on the international stage, include Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, the International Federation for Human Rights, Human Rights First and Interights. However, as we have seen, civil and political rights are just one category of the many different human rights recognised by the international community, and new rights are continuing to emerge, even today. When we take this into account and consider the NGOs active in countering poverty, violence, racism, health problems, homelessness and environmental concerns, to name just a few, the actual number of NGOs engaged in human rights protection, in one form or another, runs into the hundreds of thousands throughout the world.

NGOs may attempt to engage in the protection of human rights at various different stages or levels, and the strategies they employ will vary according to the nature of their objectives – their specificity or generality; their long-term or short-term nature; their local, national, regional or international scope, and so on.

a.  Direct assistance

It is particularly common for NGOs working on social and economic rights to offer some form of direct service to those who have been victims of human rights violations. Such services may include forms of humanitarian assistance, protection or training to develop new skills. Alternatively, where the right is protected by law, they may include legal advocacy or advice on how to present claims.
In many cases, however, direct assistance to the victim of a violation or a human rights defender is either not possible or does not represent the best use of an organisation’s resources. On such occasions, and this probably represents the majority of cases, NGOs need to take a longer term view and to think of other ways either of rectifying the violation or of preventing similar occurrences from happening in the future.

b.  Collecting accurate information

If there is a fundamental strategy lying at the base of the different forms of NGO activism, it is perhaps the idea of attempting to “show up” the perpetrators of injustice. Governments are very often able to shirk their obligations under the international treaties, or other rights standards, that they have signed up to because the impact of their policies is simply not known to the general public. Collecting such information and using it to promote transparency in the human rights record of governments is essential in holding them to account and is frequently used by NGOs.
They attempt to put pressure on people or governments by identifying an issue that will appeal to people’s sense of injustice and then making it public.
Two of the best known examples of organisations that are reputed for their accurate monitoring and reporting are Amnesty International and the International Committee of the Red Cross. Both of these organisations possess authority not only among the general public but also at the level of the UN, where their reports are taken into account as part of the official process of monitoring governments that have agreed to be bound by the terms of international treaties.

c. Campaigning and lobbying

International actors often engage in campaigning and advocacy in order to bring about a policy change. Again, there are numerous forms, and an NGO will try to adopt the most appropriate one, given the objectives it has in mind, the nature of its “target”, and of course, its own available resources. Some common practices are outlined below.

  • Letter-writing campaigns are a method that has been used to great effect by Amnesty International and other NGOs. People and organisations “bombard” government officials with letters from thousands of its members all over the world.
  • Street actions or demonstrations, with the media coverage that these normally attract, may be used when organisations want to enlist the support of the public or to bring something to the public eye in order to ‘name and shame’ a government.
  • The media will frequently play an important part in lobbying practices, and social media and the Internet are now assuming an increasingly significant role.
  • Shadow reports are submitted to UN human rights monitoring bodies to give an NGO perspective of the real situation regarding the enjoyment of human rights in a particular country.

In addition to demonstrations of support or public outrage, NGOs may also engage in private meetings or briefings with officials. Sometimes the mere threat of bringing something to the public eye may be enough to change a policy or practice, as in the story below. Whilst this used to be mobilised, at one time, through tapes, posters and faxes, it is now mobilised through email campaigns and petitions, internet sites, blogs and electronic social networks.

In general, the greater the backing from the public or from other influential actors (for example, other governments), the more likely is it that a campaign will achieve its objectives. Even if they do not always use this support directly, NGOs can ensure that their message is heard simply by indicating that a large popular movement could be mobilized against a government or many governments.

d. Human rights education and awareness

Many human rights NGOs also include, at least as part of their activities, some type of public awareness or educational work. Realising that the essence of their support lies with the general public, NGOs will often try to bring greater knowledge of human rights issues to members of the public. A greater knowledge of these issues and of the methods of defending them is likely to engender a greater respect and this, in turn, will increase the likelihood of being able to mobilise support in particular instances of human rights violations. It is that support, or potential support, that lies at the base of the success of the NGO community in improving the human rights environment.

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) is a legally-binding international agreement setting out the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of every child, regardless of their race, religion or abilities.

Human rights law defines a child as any human being below the age of 18.  In 2014, UNICEF estimated the total number of children in the world at 2.2 billion (The State of the World’s Children 2014 In Numbers: Every Child Counts). 

Children are human beings, so they have exactly the same human rights as adults. However, children have been recognised as being in particular need of care and assistance, and for that reason they also have their “own” human rights treaty – the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC).
The CRC was adopted by the United Nations in 1989 and entered into force on 2 September 1990. The CRC applies to all children under the age of 18 in those countries that have accepted it – and nearly every country in the world has done so. Only the United States of America and Somalia have failed to ratify the Convention.

30 Basic Human Rights List | Universal Declaration of Human
List of 30 basic human rights
Human rights is moral principles or norms that describe certain standards of
human behaviour, and are regularly protected as legal rights in municipal
and international law. Everyone born in this world have human rights that
must be protected by the law. According to United Nations, there are 30 basic
human rights that recognized around the world. So what are the 30 human
rights according to Universal Declaration of Human Rights by United
Basic human rights recognized around the world delacred by United Nations
through Universal Declaration of Human Rights. These declaration held by
United Nations General Assembly at the Palais de Chaillot in Paris, France
on 10 December 1948. Of the then 58 members of the United Nations, 48
voted in favor, none against, eight abstained, and two did not vote.
This declaration consists of 30 articles affirming an individual’s rights. Those
30 articles currently known as 30 universal declaration of human rights or 30
basic human rights, including rights to life, rights to education, rights to
organize and rights to treated fair among others things. The 30 universal
human rights also cover up freedom of opinion, expression, thought and
30 Basic Human Rights List
So what are the 30 basic human rights list? Here are full list of 30 human
rights according to Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) by United
Nations, signed in Paris on 10 December 1948.
1. All human beings are free and equal
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are
endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another
in a spirit of brotherhood.
2. No discrimination
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms, without distinction of any
kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion,
national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no
distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or
international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs.
3. Right to life
Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.
4. No slavery
No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall
be prohibited in all their forms.
5. No torture and inhuman treatment
No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading
treatment or punishment.
6. Same right to use law
Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.
7. Equal before the law
All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to
equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any
discrimination in violation and against any incitement to such discrimination.
8. Right to treated fair by court
Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national
tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the
constitution or by law.
9. No unfair detainment
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.
10. Right to trial
Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an
independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and
obligations and of any criminal charge against him.
11. Innocent until proved guilty
Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed
innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has
had all the guarantees necessary for his defence. No one shall be held guilty
of any penal offence on account of any act or omission which did not
constitute a penal offence, under national or international law, at the time
when it was committed.
12. Right to privacy
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family,
home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation.
Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference
or attacks.
13. Freedom to movement and residence
Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the
borders of each state. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including
his own, and to return to his country.
14. Right to asylum
Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from
persecution. This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions
genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the
purposes and principles of the United Nations.
15. Right to nationality
Everyone has the right to a nationality. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived
of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality
16. Rights to marry and have family
Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or
religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to
equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. Marriage
shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending
spouses. The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and
is entitled to protection by society and the State.
17. Right to own things
Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with
others. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.
18. Freedom of thought and religion
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this
right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either
alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his
religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.
19. Freedom of opinion and expression
Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right
includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive
and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of
20. Right to assemble
Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association. No
one may be compelled to belong to an association.
21. Right to democracy
Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly
or through freely chosen representatives. Everyone has the right of equal
access to public service in his country.
22. Right to social security
Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is
entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation
and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the
economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free
development of his personality.
23. Right to work
Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and
favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.
Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal
work. Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the
protection of his interests.
24. Right to rest and holiday
Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of
working hours and periodic holidays with pay.
25. Right of social service
Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and
well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and
medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the
event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other
lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control. Motherhood and
childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children shall enjoy
the same social protection.
26. Right to education
Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the
elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be
compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally
available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis
of merit.
27. Right of cultural and art
Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the
community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its
benefits. Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material
interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which
he is the author.
28. Freedom around the world
Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and
freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.
29. Subject to law
Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full
development of his personality is possible. In the exercise of his rights and
freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are
determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and
respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just
requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a
democratic society.
30. Human rights can’t be taken away
Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State,
group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act
aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.
So those are all Universal Declaration of Human Rights list by United Nations
General Assembly. All universal human rights list above commonly known
as 30 basic human rights that must be respected and protected by the law.



Everyone Has A Right
To Be Happy!

The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights is a multilateral treaty adopted by United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2200A (XXI) on 16 December 1966, and in force from 23 March 1976 in accordance with Article 49 of the covenant.

There are six fundamental rights in India. They are Right to Equality, Right to Freedom, Right against Exploitation, Right to Freedom of Religion, Cultural and Educational Rights, and Right to Constitutional Remedies.

Senior Citizen's Rights

What is Senior Citizen Protection Act? Provisions have been made in the Constitution of India to preserve the rights of those aged above 60. ... Article 41 of the Constitution secures the right of senior citizens to employment, education and public assistance. It also ensures that the state must uphold these rights in cases of disability, old age or sickness.

Labour Rights

Is labour a human right? It is the role of a democratic government in a civil society to defend all human rights. Labour rights are a critical component of human rights helping to protect and promote the social and economic well-being of the human population. ... confirmed that labour rights are human rights. The main elements of the right to work are access to employment, freedom from forced labour and labour security. Other important components are: ... The right to employment; the right not to be arbitrarily dismissed and the right to protection against unemployment.

Child Rights

a child has the right to be protected from neglect, exploitation, and abuse at home and elsewhere. Children have the right to be protected from the incidence of abuse, exploitation, violence, neglect, commercial sexual exploitation, trafficking, child labour, and harmful traditional practices to name a few.

Women Rights

Women have the right to equal pay. ... Women have the right to dignity and decency. ... Women have the right against workplace harassment. ... Women have a right against domestic violence. Female sexual assault victims have the right to keep their identity anonymous. ... Women have the right to get free legal aid.

ON December 10, 1948 the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – and since then the day has been marked as #HumanRightsDay. The UDHR is a milestone document that proclaims “the inalienable rights which everyone is entitled to as a human being – regardless of race, colour, religion, sex, language, political or other opinions, national or social origin, property, birth or other status”.

Many of us are still unaware of our basic rights as human beings. Read on to know more about why these rights are intrinsic to us and the organisations that are working to defend them.

Chief Patron & National Chief Advisor



National Chief Advisor of SJFICRC & NACHRCOI





National Chief Advisor of SJFICRC & NACHRCOI



National Chief Advisor of SJFICRC & NACHRCOI

Office Bearers

Shri Shankar Bidari M. IPS

(Rtd. DGP Karnataka)

Karnataka State President

Shri O Jayaraj IFS

(Rtd. DFO) Vice President Kerala

Shri K Radhakrishnan IPS

General Secretary Kerala

Shri Gopinath Vanneri

(International President & Former BJP State Convener Karnataka)


(Retired Police Officer)

National Advisor & Coordinator

Event Program

Hon’ble Chief Justice & Chairman of Human Rights Commission Govt. Of Telangana State. Sri. G Chandraiah

Hon’ble Kerala High Court Judge Sri Kemal Pasha

Mrs. SOUMINI JAIN .( Mayor of Cochin)

Asst. Commissioner of Police Surat felicitated to him at NACHRCOI office in Surat.

About Us

 NACHRCOI is Regd. Under ITA 1882. 190304885/16. Volume No. 19031000303495/2016 Approved & Regd. with NITI Aayog Govt Of India Unique ID No. WB/2016/0109855 Regd. in Ministry Of Social Justice & Empowerment ID no. ID NO-WB/00019028, Organization Established in 2016, and working on Human Rights and provide many social services to needy people and operating across India with the support of Govt. Administration and a powerful legal team that operates independently and playing a significant role in the Services of our Country and to make our Society crime-free and safe. Conducting Legal Awareness along with National Legal service Authority, State Legal Service Authority, District Legal Service Authority. 

Our Services

  14. RTI ACT 2005.

For more details, pls do contact us

Public Grievance

Free Legal Service

Self Help Group

Senior Citizen Rights



National Vice Chairman
National Director
Dr. Animesh Pathak (NationalJoint Director)
Forensics & Senior Counsel at District Courts Patiala
Sri. ASHOK JOSHI (Retired Police Officer)
National Advisor & Coordinator
National Vice President





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Project Analysis

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Deliver Result

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About Us

Our story

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